The mechanical equipment industry is a key area for the development of “Made in China 2025”, and the location of the industry has received much attention. By analyzing the investment intention data of more than 3,000 mechanical equipment enterprises in the first half of 2019 of Guchuan Lianhang Big Data Center, we comprehensively analyzed the types of carrier demand types, enterprise locations, migration (expansion) intentions, etc., combined with relevant industry data. It summarizes the status of regional migration, landing needs, and regional policies in the machinery manufacturing industry, and provides thoughts for industry-related enterprises.
- Mechanical equipment industry cluster
According to the Gutian Lianhang Big Data Center report, in the first half of 2019, from the source of enterprises, Shandong enterprises accounted for 12%, Beijing enterprises accounted for 11%, Guangdong enterprises accounted for 10%, Jiangsu accounted for 9.9%, Shanghai The proportion is 7.2%.
Among the “Top 20 Chinese Machinery 500 List”, among the top 100 companies, there are 14 Zhejiang enterprises, 9 Guangdong enterprises, 8 Jiangsu enterprises, and 10 Beijing enterprises. The situation of the gathering place of the machinery and equipment industry is basically consistent with the market situation.
Shandong, Tianjin and other places have strong industrial bases. With rapid economic development, perfect upstream and downstream machinery manufacturing industry chain and open regional policies, in recent years, a number of machinery and equipment enterprises have been stimulated and developed.
Although Beijing is located inland, as China’s political center, cultural center, international exchange center, science and technology innovation center, machinery manufacturing and other industries have developed rapidly, a large number of high, sophisticated and sophisticated new products have emerged, including precision. Up to one-eighth of a hair machine CNC machine tool, the first domestic printing stacker and baler, lifting cranes with tens of tons of weight.
The coastal cities in the southeast, represented by Shanghai, Zhejiang, Guangdong and Jiangsu, have a relatively high degree of economic openness. As early as the reform and opening up, they attracted a number of Hong Kong and Taiwan enterprises with preferential policies and stimulated the development of local private machinery enterprises. .
- Mechanical equipment industry migration trend
According to the data, in the first half of 2019, among the enterprises in the mechanical manufacturing industry consulting entity business, the top four in the intent areas were Shandong, Tianjin, Jiangsu, and Guangdong; while Anhui, Sichuan, Shanxi, Jiangxi, Hubei and other places, the proportion of intentions respectively It is 3.1%, 2.9%, 2.8%, 2.7%, 2.4%. Entity consultation refers to the consultation of the relevant conditions of the plant, warehouse, land and other carriers in the park or area when the enterprise has the need for migration or expansion.
Through the specific analysis of the status quo of the migration of enterprises in Beijing and Shanghai, 37.78% of the Beijing manufacturing enterprises with clear intentions of site selection expressed their desire to settle in the Tianjin Industrial Park, 15.56% indicated that they intended to be Hebei, and 10% said they wanted to migrate. To Shandong. Among the Shanghai machinery manufacturing enterprises, the migration to Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Guangdong and other regions was 36.96%, 18.48%, and 8.7% respectively.
We found that companies in Beijing and Shanghai preferred neighboring regions and provinces in site selection. In addition to the adjacent areas, the intention of the migration site is 3.1% in Anhui, 2.9% in Sichuan, 2.8% in Shaanxi, 2.7% in Jiangxi, and 2.4% in Hubei. It can be seen that the machinery and equipment enterprises have a tendency to migrate to the central region. In addition to the labor cost advantage of these coastal cities, the heavy industry base is better. The former large and medium-sized enterprises gathered a group of industrial supporting enterprises, and the industrial chain of machinery manufacturing industry gradually extended. Secondly, the industry development supporting facilities passed the government. The policy support is also gradually improving.
- Regional policy for machinery and equipment industry
The data shows that in the first half of 2019, the intentional regions of the mechanical equipment manufacturing industry for registration business consulting were: Tianjin, Shanghai, Jiangsu, and Zhejiang. Tianjin accounted for 13%, and Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang were 8%.
The registration consultation is related to the company’s information on the park, regional tax policy and tax planning. When a company decides to register to a certain park or area, the primary consideration is the local tax policy.
The tax rates and collection methods of different organizational forms are different, and the tax planning scheme will also affect the long-term development of enterprises. How to effectively use the tax support policy to reduce the tax burden and reduce the cost of enterprises has become the focus of mechanical equipment production and sales enterprises.
The reason why the above regions can attract so many companies to register is that the local tax has been thrown away from the enterprises in terms of taxation and subsidies.
- Foreign capital migration
In addition, we also found that some foreign machinery and equipment companies have the intention to migrate to China. The data shows that the number of consultations from South Korea, Germany, and Canada is higher than that of other regions. The registered business intentions are concentrated in Shanghai, Guangdong, and Sichuan. The intentions of the physical business are concentrated in Jiangsu and Shandong.
From the above analysis, we can see that the mechanical equipment industry is concentrated in some areas with good industrial base, open policies, and complete infrastructure. However, in recent years, with the continuous development of the economy, the prices of land, labor and other factors in these areas no longer have advantages; at the same time, the requirements of the state in terms of ecological environment, energy conservation and emission reduction have increased the cost of environmental protection facilities faced by enterprises; Therefore, in the process of development and growth, in order to reduce costs and transformation and upgrade considerations, enterprises in the original industrial clusters are willing to carry out regional migration.
The intentions of enterprises are concentrated in the central and northeastern parts. These areas have a long history of industrialization. In recent years, various supporting industries such as road and railway construction have developed rapidly, and the implementation of relevant local policies has been conducive to attracting mechanical equipment enterprises.
In addition, the presence of foreign companies also proves that China’s machinery and equipment manufacturing has advantages. In the future, we should focus on technical research and encourage mechanical equipment enterprises to actively improve the performance, function and technological level of equipment products, so as to promote “Made in China”. Industry chain upgrade.